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このアイテムの引用には次の識別子を使用してください: http://hdl.handle.net/10126/3167

タイトル: Socioeconomic Conditions and Governance in the Atulayan Bay Marine Protected Area
著者: Bradecina, Raul G.
雑誌名: 黒潮圏科学 = Kuroshio Science
発行日: 21-Mar-2008
出版者: 高知大学大学院黒潮圏海洋科学研究科黒潮圏科学編集委員会
抄録: A Marine protected area (MPA) in Atulayan Bay has been established to sustainably use the resources to benefit the stakeholders. This paper presents the socioeconomic conditions and governance in Atulayan Bay MPA. The socioeconomic conditions of Atulayan Bay fishing households are characterized by predominantly old fishers, low educational attainment, bigger numbers of children, and poor living conditions. Household income which mainly comes from fishing is below poverty level. There is not much difference in the socioeconomic conditions of the fishing community near the MPA. It appeared that the MPA did not improve the material welfare of the fisherfolk. Its positive effect is probably cancelled out by the unusually large fishers’ household size and the inadequate social services in the Bay area. In a fishing village near the MPA however, some evidence suggests that the MPA positively improves sustenance. The failure of the MPA to directly improve the material welfare of fishers was attributed to weak governance in the past. In Atulayan Bay, yields of three to three and a half kg per day force a large population that survives at subsistence level to enter the open access fisheries. While the new wave of participatory resource governance has been able to mainstream participation of fishers, it is argued that an MPA-centered fisheries management will be more sustainable if it could promote the material welfare of the fishers. Recommendations to increase fishers’ income within the context of limiting fishing effort to generate wealth from fisheries, collection of resource use rent, free access to higher education for fishers’ children and educating women were discussed as possible strategies to increase fishers’ income and address the problem of sustainability in MPA-oriented resource management.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10126/3167
出現コレクション:01 黒潮圏科学=Kuroshio Science   1(2007)-

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